1000 Genomes Project

General Background 

In 2008, the international 1000 Genomes Project Consortium launched the 1000 Genomes Project to develop a public resource of human genetic variation. This resource supports genome-wide association studies and other studies involving genetic variation, health and disease. All data for the 1000 Genomes Project are freely available to the public through the 1000 Genomes Project website. 

Populations that have contributed to the 1000 Genomes Project

All 1000 Genomes Project population samples are available from the NHGRI Repository at Coriell, except for the CEPH [CEU] population samples, which are available from the NIGMS Repository at Coriell (see table below). The samples have no identifying or phenotype information available. Donors gave broad consent for use of the samples, including for genotyping, sequencing, and cellular phenotype studies. The 1000 Genomes Project informed consent template can be found here.

All cell culture and DNA samples can be purchased individually. The NHGRI Repository also offers standard DNA panels for each population. Each standard panel provides all the samples from unrelated individuals that were used in the 1000 Genomes Project and HapMap Project. Except for the YRI trio included in the Pilot 2 project (with child sample NA19240), child DNA samples are not included in the panels but are available for order as individual samples. Each sample in the panel has 2 micrograms of DNA. 

*Note that for the HapMap population samples listed below, sample overlap exists between the panels listed below and other plates or panels offered as part of the International HapMap collection.

Population Panels Number of
Individual DNA Samples
Number of
Individual Cell Cultures
African Ancestry in SW USA [ASW] MGP00015 62 62
African Caribbean in Barbados [ACB] MGP00016 120 120
Bengali in Bangladesh [BEB] MGP00022
144 144
British From England and Scotland [GBR] MGP00003 100 100
Chinese Dai in Xishuangbanna, China [CDX] MGP00012 102 102
Colombian in Medellín, Colombia [CLM] MGP00005
136 136
Esan in Nigeria [ESN] MGP00023
173 173
Finnish in Finland [FIN] MGP00001 103 103
Gambian in Western Division – Mandinka [GWD] MGP00019 179 179
Gujarati Indians in Houston, Texas, USA [GIH] MGP00018 109 109
Han Chinese in Beijing, China [CHB] MGP00017 120 120
Han Chinese South [CHS] MGP00002 163 163
Iberian Populations in Spain [IBS] MGP00010 157 157
Indian Telugu in the U.K. [ITU] MGP00025 118 118
Japanese in Tokyo, Japan [JPT] MGP00009 120 120
Kinh in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam [KHV] MGP00014 124 124
Luhya in Webuye, Kenya [LWK] MGP00008 120 120
Mende in Sierra Leone [MSL] MGP00021
128 128
Mexican Ancestry in Los Angeles CA USA [MXL] MGP00006 71 71
Peruvian in Lima Peru [PEL] MGP00011 122 122
Puerto Rican in Puerto Rico [PUR] MGP00004 139 139
Punjabi in Lahore, Pakistan [PJL] MGP00020 158 158
Sri Lankan Tamil in the UK [STU] MGP00024 128 128
Toscani in Italia [TSI] MGP00007 114 114
Yoruba in Ibadan, Nigeria [YRI] MGP00013 120 120

* CEPH Collection [CEU] samples are available from the NIGMS Human Genetic Cell Repository at Coriell.