Peruvian in Lima, Peru [PEL]

The biomaterials currently available for this population are shown in the table below: 

Population  Peruvian in Lima, Peru [PEL]
DNA Sample Panel  MGP00011
Individual DNA Samples  122
Individual Cell Cultures  122

Principal Investigator 

  • Carla Gallo - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru 
  • Giovanni Poletti - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru

Population Description

These cell lines and DNA samples were prepared from blood samples collected in the Lima-Callao, Peru, metropolitan area. All of the samples are from mother-father-adult child trios. All parents in the trios identified themselves as having four grandparents who were born in Peru.

The samples were collected from people who came from (or whose ancestors came from) many different parts of Peru. Also, many of their ancestors came from different regions of Europe and Africa. This set of samples can be viewed as generally representative of the majority population in Peru. However, it is important to include a reference to "Lima, Peru" when describing the source of these samples (and to use the abbreviation "PEL" where a shorthand designation is needed) in order to identify the population with precision.

These samples should not be referred to as “Hispanic” or “Latino” since these are cultural designators, encompassing populations with very diverse ancestries.

After the complete descriptor “Peruvian in Lima, Peru (PEL)” has been provided, it is acceptable to use the shorthand label “Peruvian” or the abbreviation “PEL” in the remainder of the article or presentation. However, the full descriptor for the population should be provided before the shorthand labels are used; this will help to avoid the risks associated with over-generalization of findings.

It may be scientifically appropriate to pool data from these samples with data from other ancestrally related groups, when the data show that the groups have similar allele frequencies. If the groups are all from the Americas, the designation “Americas” (AMR) to describe the combined analysis panel is recommended. If only groups very closely related to the Peruvians have similar allele frequencies, then another abbreviation may be used.

Additional guidance about how to refer to the populations can be found at Guidelines for Referring to the Populations in Publications and Presentations.

Policies and Guidelines


1. Mao X, Bigham AW, Mei R, Gutierrez G, Weiss KM, Brutsaert TD, Leon-Velarde F, Moore LG, Vargas E, McKeigue PM, Shriver MD, Parra EJ. (2007) A genomewide admixture mapping panel for Hispanic/Latino populations. Am J Hum Genet 80(6): 1171-8.

2. Price AL, Patterson N, Yu F, Cox DR, Waliszewska A, Mcdonald GJ, Tandon A, Schirmer C, Neubauer J, Bedoya G, Duque C, Villegas A, Bortolini M-C, Salzano Fm, Gallo C, Mazzotti G, Tello-Ruiz M, Riba L, Aguilar-Salinas CA, Canizales-Quinteros S, Menjivar M, Klitz W, Henderson B, Haiman CA, Winkler C, Tusie-Luna T, Ruiz-Linares A, Reich D. (2007) A genomewide admixture map for Latino populations. Am J Hum Gene 80(6): 1024-1036.

3. Wang S, Ray N, Rojas W, Parra Mv, Bedoya G, Gallo C, Poletti G, Mazzotti G, Hill K, Hurtado AM, Camrena B, Nicolini H, Klitz W, Barrantes R, Molina JA, Freimer N, Bortolini MC, Salzano FM, Petzl- Erler ML, Tsuneto LT, Dipierri JE, Alfaro EL, Bailliet G, Bianchi NO, Llop E, Rothhammer F, Excoffier L, Ruiz-Linares A. (2008) Geographic patterns of genome admixture in Latin American Mestizos. PLoS Genetics 4(3): e1000037.